Wednesday, 23 Sep 2020

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What Drinks Should Not Be Mixed With Alcohol?

Many people decide to decorate the festive table with alcoholic drinks, while they do not think about which alcoholic drinks can and should not be mixed. In addition to the holidays, there are also days when it is warm on the street and you want to have a picnic by taking certain drinks with you.

If you care a little about your health, but you don’t want to give up alcohol during the holidays, you should know what to drink, how to drink, what you can’t do, and where is that line. Is it possible to interfere with alcohol?

What Drinks Should Not Be Mixed With Alcohol?

1. Do not mix drinks that are very different in their production technology.

  • Champagne should not be mixed with vodka.
  • Whiskey is never mixed with brandy.
  • Vodka does not like the “neighborhood” with beer, as well as with the intemperate wines of a home spill.
  • Rum and brandy are best kept away from any liquor.

2. Do not mix hard liquors with soft drinks such as fruit juices, mineral water, and lemonade – all of them, combined with alcohol, turn into armor-piercing cocktails.

3. Champagne does not like the neighborhood with strong alcoholic drinks, such as vodka, cognac, rum, or whiskey.

A mixture of champagne with one of these drinks can lead to fast and severe alcohol intoxication, and after it, you are guaranteed a strong hangover syndrome. It’s all about the large number of gases that are contained in champagne. Its bubbles contain carbon dioxide – it irritates the mucous membrane of your stomach and significantly increases the level of absorption of alcohol into the blood.

4. Because of the gases, it is also not worth drinking alcohol with harmless non-alcoholic carbonated drinks.

This means that vodka, cognac, and whiskey should not be washed down with sparkling mineral water and sweet soda. How to take alcohol

5. Remember that when mixing different alcoholic drinks, you should pay more attention not to their strength, but to the difference in their biological activity.

For example, vodka is absorbed more slowly than wine, despite the fact that it is stronger. Cognac has a strong effect on the nervous system, and this effect is stronger than vodka or liquor. And all because cognac contains tannins – a group of various water-soluble organic substances of aromatic type.

6. It is very dangerous to take alcohol with energy drinks.

This combination dramatically increases blood pressure – this is called a hypertensive crisis. Such sharp increases are fraught with hemorrhages in the brain and other organs. Also, a mixture of alcohol and energy can cause cardiac arrhythmias, convulsive seizures, impaired normal kidney function, and other health problems.

7. Vodka can be washed down with water and sugar-free juices.

The sugar-free fluid reduces the destruction of ethanol on the mucous membranes and also prevents dehydration. Vitamins contained in juices have the same effect. The main thing is that the drink does not contain sugar, since glucose, unlike fructose, competes with ethanol when broken down.

8. What about lowering the degree?

There will be no harm if diluted with ordinary water (not carbonated). Many people lower the degree with colored drinks, but it is in them that there are quite a lot of toxins.

During the feast, if you want to lower the degree, many start with vodka, go-to wine, and this is a very bad idea. The fact is that alcohol takes all the metabolic reserves onto itself, after which the wine is no longer able to digest normally. Because of this, poisoning occurs with intermediate products. How alcohol affects a person

9. Alcohol and medicines

The combination of alcohol and drugs can be life-threatening. Here’s what happens when mixing alcohol and various drugs:

  • Alcohol + aspirin  – this combination can lead to a stomach ulcer if the patient suffers from gastritis, and also if a healthy person mixes these ingredients often.
  • Alcohol + caffeine – a mixture of these ingredients can lead to a hypertensive crisis and heart attack. The fact is that severe dehydration leads to a sharp drop in blood pressure.
  • Alcohol + diuretics – can lead to a decrease in blood pressure for the same reason – severe dehydration.
  • Alcohol + insulin – can lead to a coma due to a certain type of diabetes. The fact is that alcohol blocks the synthesis of glucose from fats and proteins. Thus, there is theoretically a risk of lowering blood glucose. In practice, this does not greatly affect the glucose level, and yet it’s not worth the risk.
  • Alcohol + sleeping pills – can lead to intoxication and coma (in case of overdose)
  • Alcohol + antibiotics – some antibiotics when mixed with alcohol can be fatal. The instructions for such drugs describe this, so you should read it carefully, and it is better not to mix alcohol and antibiotics at all.

Multiple useful finally tips:

To minimize the risk of intoxication with alcoholic beverages, one of the following schemes should be considered:

  • use each next glass at least 20 minutes after the previous one;
  • reduce the number of approaches, i.e. it is better to drink a little more 2-3 times, stretch the same amount all evening;
  • between receptions it is better to drink grape juice or eat honey;
  • if the bowel function after the feast was disturbed (i.e. you stopped going to the toilet regularly), it is better to have an enema – it is more effective than laxatives.
  • alcohol stays in the human body for 2-3 days, but outwardly it is impossible to notice. According to doctors, if you drink small doses of alcohol every other day, then withdrawal syndrome develops, accompanied by poor mood, insomnia, aggressiveness, and autonomic disorders. All this can last up to 2 weeks.

People partially relieve this syndrome by taking alcohol, and this is already called alcohol dependence. In the first phase, this dependence is mental, but later it becomes physical.

How long is the alcohol removed from the body?

Many of us are familiar with the situation when you drank some alcoholic drinks and wondered when you were sober up. How long does alcohol remain in the body, and is it possible to speed up the process of its elimination? The answer, of course, depends on how much you drank. The more you drink, the higher your blood alcohol level, and the longer it will take out of your system.

And although some people, depending on gender, weight, and other factors, get drunk faster than others, we all sober up at the same speed.

Excretion of alcohol from the body

When you consume alcohol, it first enters the digestive system. However, alcohol is not digested like food and other drinks. About 20 percent of the alcohol from the drink goes straight into the blood vessels, and from there into the brain. The remaining 80 percent goes into the small intestine, and then into the bloodstream.

And in the last stage, alcohol is eliminated from the body through the liver.

The liver takes on the lion’s share of the work of processing alcohol, neutralizing toxic substances, breaking it down and removing it from the body. In all, the liver processes alcohol at the same rate, approximately 30 ml per hour  Standard alcoholic beverage: a 360 ml can of beer, a glass of wine 177 ml, or a glass of strong alcoholic drink contain approximately 29 ml of alcohol. Thus, one such drink remains in the body for about 1 hour.

Any liver problems can slow this process down. Although alcohol is eliminated at a constant rate, some people experience the effects of alcohol for longer. This is due to the concentration of alcohol in the blood, which differs in different people and depending on the situation.

How much alcohol is eliminated from the body

Typically, the effect of alcohol begins to manifest itself after 10 minutes and reaches a maximum of one hour after consumption. Alcohol remains in the blood until it is broken down in the liver. One unit of alcohol remains approximately 2 hours after consumption.

Here is the general value for how long it takes to assimilate different alcoholic beverages.

  • A small portion of alcohol – 1 hour
  • 570 ml of beer – 2 hours
  • A large glass of wine – 3 hours
  • A few alcoholic drinks – a few hours

Blood alcohol content

It is worth remembering that the concentration of alcohol in the blood is affected by:

Total alcohol

The total amount of alcohol you have consumed will affect how much it remains in your body. The more alcohol you drink, the longer it will take to get it out of your system.

The strength of the drink and its carbonation

The larger the percentage of alcohol in the drink, the easier it will reach a high concentration in the blood. For example, a person who drinks beer consumes about 3-6 percent of the volumetric alcohol content, while a person who drinks vodka consumes more than 40 percent of the volumetric alcohol content.

Also, carbonated drinks are usually absorbed faster than non-carbonated drinks, and therefore you get intoxicated faster. This is due to the fact that carbonation displaces alcohol from the stomach into the bloodstream.

Age

The younger the person, the more efficiently he metabolizes alcohol. Older people process alcohol harder due to lower levels of enzymes.

The percentage of fat and muscle

People with high-fat content in relation to body weight are more difficult to absorb alcohol. This is due to the fact that fat contains a minimal amount of water, which is why alcohol stays in the bloodstream longer until it is processed by the liver. At the same time, people who have a lower percentage of fat and more muscle mass absorb alcohol more efficiently.

Weight

A tall person with larger body weight can absorb more alcohol than low people with low weight. Since men are usually taller and heavier than women, they need more alcohol to get intoxicated. With the same amount of drinks drunk, a man will have alcohol excreted faster than a woman because he drank less in proportion to his body weight.

Eating

If you ate something before or with a drink, your blood alcohol concentration will be lower than that of a person who drank on an empty stomach. Food keeps alcohol in the stomach longer before it enters the bloodstream.

Genetics

Our ability to absorb alcohol is also affected by genetics. If you have a genetic abnormality affecting ethanol-processing enzymes, this can lead to alcohol intolerance and more severe detoxification.

Metabolism

People with an accelerated metabolism process alcohol more efficiently than those with a slower metabolism. Genetic factors, as well as nutrition, sleep, physical activity, and stress, can affect metabolism.

Gender

Since women have a lower percentage of water and a higher percentage of body fat compared to a man, alcohol stays in their bodies longer. This partially explains why the concentration of alcohol in the blood of women quickly reaches a high level than in men with the same amount of drinks.

The number of alcoholic beverages in a short period of time

The more alcohol you drink in a short period of time, the higher the maximum concentration of alcohol in the blood will be. A person who drinks 10 cans of beer in half an hour will have a higher concentration than someone who drinks 10 cans of beer in 5 hours.

Permissible alcohol rate

The unit for measuring alcohol concentration is estimated in ppm. Ppm is the content of 1 mg of ethanol in 1 liter of blood. It is proved that there is a relationship between the alcohol content in the blood and the volume of ethanol in the lung air. The amount of alcohol vapor is measured in “milligrams per liter”, and this indicator is proportional to ppm. The ratio of ppm and mg / l is 1: 0.45.

Permissible blood alcohol levels for drivers may vary from country to country and are often subject to change. Now in Russia, the norm of alcohol in the blood is 0.35 ppm, and in exhaled air – 0.15 ppm. A urinalysis can determine your alcohol level after your last drink. This analysis reveals traces of alcohol metabolism products. An average urine test can detect alcohol 12 to 48 hours after you drink it.

Breathalyzers can measure alcohol over a shorter period, in about 24 hours. Alcohol can remain in the hair for up to 90 days. Also, alcohol can be detected in saliva, sweat, and blood.

How to quickly remove alcohol from the body

No matter how fast your body absorbs alcohol, it processes it at a rate of 0.08-0.1 ppm per hour. Nothing can accelerate this process: neither drinking coffee, nor showers nor even vomiting. If you know that you can be checked and asked to do a breath test, urine or blood tests for alcohol, the only way to reduce your performance is to delay the test for as long as possible, because only time can reduce the concentration of alcohol in the blood.

You can reduce the effects of alcohol on the body in the following ways:

It is best to eat something before drinking. Choose protein-rich foods, such as cheese and peanuts, as they reduce the body’s absorption of alcohol.

  • Try to reduce the number of alcoholic beverages to 1 drink per hour .
  • Remember that beer and wine contain moderate amounts of alcohol .
  • Drink juices or water between drinks.
  • To better control your alcohol intake, try to stay active: socialize, move, and dance.
  • Avoid consuming caffeine as coffee and energy drinks, do not relieve alcoholic intoxication.

Alcohol and lactating mothers

There is a misconception that the amount of alcohol consumed and the time taken to remove alcohol can make breast milk safer. However, there is no safe amount of alcohol when it comes to breastfeeding. Children who are exposed to alcohol are at risk of delayed development and reduced motor skills.

Although it takes an average of several hours for alcohol to be eliminated from breast milk, this process may vary among women. If you are breast-feeding and drinking an alcoholic drink, there are several ways to reduce the effects of alcohol:

  • Feed your baby before drinking
  • Strain the milk in advance so that you can feed the baby
  • Wait 2-3 hours after a glass of beer or wine before feeding your baby again.

Alcohol after antibiotics

Antibiotics are medicines that should not be mixed with alcohol. Alcohol does not reduce the effectiveness of antibiotics in treating infections, but it can aggravate the side effects of both alcohol and antibiotics and cause symptoms such as:

  • Nausea
  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness
  • Weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Diarrhea
  • Stomach upset

Also, alcohol, especially in large quantities, slows down the recovery process. Your immune system will be weaker and your symptoms will worsen. Alcohol consumption disrupts sleep, interferes with the absorption of important nutrients, raises blood sugar, and deprives you of energy. All of these factors reduce your ability to recover from infection.

As a rule, alcohol is allowed to be consumed no earlier than 48-72 hours after the completion of the last course of antibiotics.

What alcohol actually does with our brain and body

Alcohol, like caffeine, has a terrifying reputation but is calmly accepted in pop culture. It seems to us that we know how alcohol affects our minds and body. We draw this knowledge from our own experience, news feeds, stories of friends, and so on. We also know that alcohol is a strong depressant, it dehydrates the body and that by drinking small amounts of alcohol, you can remain relatively sober. Some of this is true. Although it all depends on various factors.

Alcohol acts differently on young women, on a full stomach, and while taking medication

Our body perceives alcohol as a poison, or rather, as something foreign to humans. Resisting him, and helping us stay sober, our body produces alcohol dehydrogenase enzymes. This enzyme is activated when alcohol reaches the gastric mucosa and reaches the liver. It separates the hydrogen atoms from the ethanol molecule in the drink and turns it into acetaldehyde, which, in turn, is oxidized with the formation of the aldehyde dehydrogenase enzyme to form acetate.

Seems easy? Yes, there is a struggle – how much we drank against how quickly enzymes remove side effects. But the production of two “anti-alcohol compounds” is influenced by different factors.

For reasons still not fully understood, alcohol dehydrogenase works more efficiently in men than in women. In young men, enzyme activity is 70–80 percent more. With age, it decreases. So by the age of 55-60 men are even more difficult than women to cope with alcohol intoxication.

On a full stomach, the body fights alcohol more effectively. But not from the fact that the food “absorbs” alcohol. When we eat, the pyloric sphincter of the stomach, a kind of valve into the small intestine, closes tightly. Thus, alcohol dehydrogenase has more time to fight alcohol. On an empty stomach, fluid quickly enters the small intestine, and from there it is absorbed by the body.

Another factor in the absorption of alcohol by the body is genetics. Your own genetic composition of alcohol dehydrogenase affects the ability to break down alcohol and its by-products.

Alcohol dehydrogenase enzymes also work with the medication. So, for example, aspirin seriously reduces its effectiveness. In one study, it was found that the average level of alcohol in the body of those who took aspirin before drinking was 26 percent higher than those who did not take the medicine.

Alcohol in a way prolongs life

New research constantly shows that a glass of wine, if not overdoing it, prolongs life. For example, in the work “Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Studies”, scientists observed 1824 people for a total of 20 years. And what do you think, what are their results? Among those who completely abstained from alcohol, 69 percent died. Among those who consumed it in moderation, 41 percent died, which is 23 percent less than the “few drinkers”. Even heavily drinkers were more fortunate than teetotalers – 61 percent died during research.

How is that? According to scientists, the antioxidants resveratrol compounds contained in wine increase the level of “good” HDL cholesterol.

But, as scientists say, in fact, there can be no direct connection between longevity and alcohol. Alcohol acts as a “social lubricant.” Epidemiologists and sociologists around the world, studying the long-term effects of loneliness, have come to the conclusion that when we are cut off from social ties and are in so-called social isolation, we have a much greater “chance of dying.” Therefore, gathering with friends and loved ones and drinking moderate amounts of alcohol, we develop relationships in this way. And it is these relationships that help us live longer.

Alcohol does not kill brain cells, but “slows down” their work

High concentrations of alcohol, like 100% alcohol, can really kill neural cells (like almost everything else), and that’s true. But, given that only 0.08 percent of alcohol is in the state of intoxication in the blood of the brain when intoxicated, it actually does not cause significant damage to brain cells (a completely different thing is the liver cells and other organs in chronic abuse).

Do not believe it? A large study of brain samples taken from alcoholics and non-alcoholics has shown that, in principle, there is no significant difference in cell density.

What alcohol does is to the detriment of normal signaling to the brain, affecting all parts of it that control muscles, speech, coordination, sensations, and so on. If LSD or cocaine alters the functioning of one or more circuits of the nervous system, then alcohol affects almost everything around.

Under the influence of alcohol, we don’t see hidden “intentions” in the actions of other people.

Quite often, it seems to us that the actions of people are deliberate, especially if we think of them over well. But, as it turned out, the “night of alcohol” – and motivated thinking disappears. However, studies conducted in 92 men proved that no matter how drunk or not a person feels, he is in no hurry to rush to conclusions and judges the intentions of other people on the merits.

Alcohol is a relative sleep aid

For a long time, people believed that alcohol helps to fall asleep, and for some, this is partly true. But by allowing him to fall asleep quickly, he will show insidiousness – sleep will be intermittent, especially if a lot of caffeine has been consumed. The combined “revenge” of both drugs is a restless dream. The duration of sleep after drinking is also always reduced. So, if you hope that alcohol will contribute to your sleep, be aware of the dangers awaiting you.

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